WORK AND VACANCIES IN BELGIUM.
Modern Belgium, especially the capital – Brussels, is a kind of think-tank, where the most important political and economic problems of Europe and the world are discussed. The country has a huge number of important international institutions, including the headquarters of the European Union and the NATO office, representations of transnational companies and public organizations. All this undoubtedly contributes to the influx of foreign workers from all over the world to Belgium.
Comfortable location in the neighborhood with Germany, France, the Netherlands and Luxembourg, and through the North Sea, it is within easy reach of the UK, Belgium is strengthening trade ties and stable economic growth. In addition, the country has a rich history, traditions and fine cuisine, which attracts many tourists every year. Few people have not heard of the high quality and taste of Belgian beer or chocolate.
Work in Belgium for Ukrainians, Russians, Belarusians and other citizens of the post-Soviet space in 2018 is considered one of the most affordable options for increasing income and immigration to a developed European country. First of all, it concerns qualified specialists with a good knowledge of foreign languages. For many types of professions in Belgium, even there is a deficit, in particular, it is the IT sector and some technical specialties.
Unemployment in Belgium is about 6.9%. True, among young people this figure reaches 23%, which is very high in comparison with other EU countries. Belgian wages are quite high, including a minimum, but the level of taxes is very impressive. For example, the progressive rate of income tax reaches 50%. About how to find a job, what vacancies and salary in Belgium are available in 2018, the very procedure of employment and requirements for foreigners will be discussed in this article.
How to go to work in Belgium.
Before beginning to diligently search for a workplace in Belgium, foreigners from the CIS countries need to clearly understand the procedure for labor migration and the basic requirements for applicants who do not live in one of the EU states. For Europeans, the conditions are much simpler, they can work unhindered in Belgium on a par with local residents and only if they have a job for more than 3 months must register and get a residence permit.
For example, for Russians and Ukrainians, the process of employment in Belgium is as follows:
search for an affordable job; signing an employment contract; registration of a work permit; obtaining a work visa, and with employment for a period of more than 3 months residence permit; moving to Belgium.
With the vacancy and the employment contract, everything should be more or less clear. On the ways to find workplace and popular directions we’ll talk a little later. More details will be given to the types of work permits in Belgium.
Types of work permits in Belgium.
Resolution type A. Allows you to work in Belgium for an unlimited period of time in any paid profession and freely change the employer. To receive, you must permanently reside in Belgian territory for 10 years and work with a B permit for at least 4 years. The four-year period is reduced to one year in case of marriage with a citizen or permanent resident of Belgium. However, this permission is not available for all foreigners, here are some exceptions:
highly skilled workers and technical specialists; scientists; temporary workers; trainees.
Type B resolution. Allows you to work in Belgium for a specific employer in a particular profession for not more than one year, after which an extension is required. To apply for a work permit, the vacancy is advertised for some time in the local labor market and only after Belgium and Europeans have no candidates for this place can the Belgian authorities satisfy the application.
Some individuals may be exempted from such a check on the local market, mostly scientists, highly skilled workers and technical specialists. As a rule, the profession should be scarce for Belgium. When the employer changes, the procedure will have to be retried.
Resolution type C. Grants the right to work in Belgium to foreigners who are temporarily on Belgian territory. For example, students, family members of diplomats, asylum seekers and so on. The validity of the permit is limited to 12 months, with the possibility of extension. Change of employer and sphere of activity is allowed.
In a separate category of obtaining a work permit in Belgium, you can take out the Blue Card of the EU (Blue Card EU). The document is issued to highly qualified foreign specialists. Primary requirements:
labor contract with a Belgian employer for a period of at least 1 year; Higher education and work experience as a qualified specialist; The salary in the contract is not less than 51 882 euros per year.
In general, citizens of Russia, Ukraine and the Republic of Belarus apply for a work permit in Belgium of type B. To qualify for a job it is important to prepare yourself for the basic requirements for foreigners from the Belgian employers.
Requirements for foreigners for employment in Belgium.
Language . The knowledge of foreign languages on an acceptable level for performance of work duties level in most cases will be the main requirement for occupying a vacancy in a Belgian company. In addition to English, which is sometimes sufficient, depending on the region, you may need the skills of one of the three official languages of Belgium.
In the southeast – it’s German, in Flanders (north of Belgium) – Dutch (Flemish dialect), in Wallonia (south of Belgium) – French. In the Belgian capital, Brussels is mostly spoken in Dutch and French. Working in Belgium without knowing the language is a risky activity with extremely low chances of a decent and legal job.
Qualification. A major advantage in finding a job in Belgium is a diploma of a local or one of European universities. In addition, you will need work experience and professional skills to compete with Belgians and Europeans. You can check the conformity of qualifications and education with Belgium standards here.
Employment in Belgium. Search for a job without intermediaries.
The search for a suitable vacancy in Belgium for Russians or Ukrainians, as a rule, implies a multi-hour study of the Belgian labor market in a generally accessible way, that is, via the Internet. If close relatives or even friends and acquaintances living in Belgium do not, then this is the only option.
The success of independent employment in Belgium, in other words, without intermediaries, largely depends on the region. Each of them has its own employment center. First of all, be sure to visit the official websites of these organizations, where you can find additional information about working in Belgium, and maybe even get a consultation.
Popular sites for finding work in Belgium.
Employment in Brussels.
More than half of the available vacancies in Belgium are advertised through local newspapers. Far from it superfluous will pay attention to the sites of the most popular printed publications:
Actively use social networks, especially professional ones – LinkedIn and Epnetwork.
Courage of the city takes, as an option, you can contact the employer directly. The main thing is not to mix up the language and correctly arrange a cover letter. Another way is to use the services of recruitment agencies. As in the first, and in the second case, this resource Golden Pages is useful for company search.
A resume and a cover letter should be adapted for the Belgian employer. On the above sites there are samples and the opportunity to get practical help in this matter.
Jobs and salary in Belgium in 2018.
By analogy with developed European countries, Belgium’s agriculture sector is based on the use of high-tech equipment. Thanks to this fact only 1.3% of the population work in this sphere. About a fifth of the citizens are engaged in industrial production. The lion’s share of the workforce falls on the service sector, around 80%.
The official minimum wage in Belgium is 1531.93 euros per month. The average wage in Belgium in 2017 after tax deduction was about 2,100 euros per month. This is higher than the average for the EU. For example, lower than in the Scandinavian countries or Germany and the UK, but more than in Spain or Italy. The highest rates were recorded in the Brussels region.
Average salary in Belgium by occupation (euro / month):
Insurers and company managers – 7000-8000 Science and education – 3700-3800 Engineers – 3700 IT professionals – 3300 Builders – 2800 Drivers, couriers, transport workers – 2500 Tourism, hotel and restaurant business – 1900-2000 Waiters, cooks, hairdressers, cleaners, loaders – up to 1600-2000.
Vacancies in Belgium for Ukrainians, Russians, Belarusians and other foreigners from the CIS countries in 2018 are available mainly to highly qualified specialists – holders of technical professions, especially in the IT field. To some extent, the Belgian labor market is in short supply in the following workers:
Architects (civil engineering). Junior medical staff (nurses, midwives). Engineers and builders (electricians, plasterers, masons). IT specialists (programmers, web designers). Secretaries. Teachers of English in secondary schools. Social workers.
For a more complete list of deficit occupations in Belgium, which foreigners can claim, see this page. The work permit and a long-term visa for Belgium (type D) are issued in close cooperation with the staff of the Belgian Consulate in their country, who will provide the necessary consultations and clarify the list of required documents. Usually this process takes about 1.5-2 months.