The main differences between the RWP and the residence permit.
The presence of foreigners on the territory of Russia involves obtaining an authorization document with the stamp of the migration department. Entry for the first time requires the registration of temporary residence – RWP. Subsequently, the applicant can register a residence permit (residence permit) or obtain actual citizenship – a Russian passport. There is a natural question, what is the RVP and residence permit? Of course, in order to answer the question, it is necessary to familiarize yourself with the main differences. Temporary residence and residence permit only by name seem to be the same. In fact, the difference between the RWP and the residence permit is quite substantial.
Features and differences of concepts.
The migration registration of the state closely overlaps with the policy of resettlement of foreign compatriots. Legal relations are regulated by the Federal Law “On the Legal Status of Foreign Citizens in the Russian Federation”. Therefore, when answering the question of how the RWP differs from the residence permit, it is necessary to consider the characteristics of each of the concepts.
The concept of a temporary residence permit.
According to the definition, a temporary residence permit is a document issued to a foreign resident for legal residence in the territory of the Russian Federation. Migration issues of issuance are handled by the Ministry of Internal Affairs. Before becoming the holder of the coveted permission, the migrant must write an application for the RWP and prepare the documents. It is also recommended that you familiarize yourself with the quota for the placement of foreigners by region (in accordance with the Government Order No. 2428-r). The features of a temporary residence permit are lower.
In comparison with the passport and registration, the RWP allows you to live and work in one of the regions of our country for 3 years. The permit exempts the recipient from the need to issue migration documents and patents for employment. Having in hands RWP, the foreigner has the right to be engaged in business or to open firms within the period stipulated by the law. A temporary residence permit “ties” a newcomer to a certain region of the country. Housing or employment outside the specified region is not allowed. Taking advantage of the right to leave Russia for urgent cases, the migrant has the right to be free to stay abroad for 3 months, but not more.
Obviously, the permit for temporary residence in Russia has a limited period. The document exempts from the need to issue additional permits and patents for doing business.
What is a residence permit.
A foreigner or stateless person (stateless person) who has entered our country can apply for a residence permit. The legal status of the document allows you to live and work in the Russian Federation for 5 years with a further extension of the period for the same period. From a legal point of view, this is the most profitable step for obtaining citizenship and a Russian-style passport. The holder of the residence permit retains most of the rights that citizens of our country possess. Further, the rights of a foreign citizen in respect of residence permit are presented.
Free living in Russia without a specific binding to one of the regions. Departure outside the state and unhindered return back. Opportunity to open the status of IP or a business company with registered capital. Medical care, participation in social programs. Political rights. To extend the residence permit unlimited number of times with the further possibility to apply for a passport of a citizen of the Russian Federation.
In comparison with the RWP, the residence permit has the advantage of the terms and procedure of registration in the Department of Internal Affairs of the Ministry of Internal Affairs. And some categories of foreigners can apply for a residence permit without a residence permit. The procedure is much faster, but requires compliance with a number of legal conditions.
Procedure for registration of residence permit without a RWP.
Following the general order, the migrant must register his location by obtaining a RWP, and only then apply for a residence permit. However, according to Art. 14 of the Law 62-FZ “On Citizenship of the Russian Federation”, the residence permit can be issued without a procedure for obtaining a RWP on general grounds. The category of exceptions includes Russian speakers permanently residing in Russia (the former RSFSR) or their relatives. Consequently, the state duty on the RWP is not paid – the foreigner calculates only for the registration of the residence permit.
The applicant for residence permit in the status of a representative of the language community, who speaks the norms of the language (ie “the native speaker of the Russian language”) prepares the application, documents, photos and medical certificates. Having received them, the employee of the migration department issues a certificate of acceptance. The approval process takes place within 6 months. At the end of the period, the UVM of the Ministry of Internal Affairs issues a booklet “residence permit”. It is noteworthy that the term of the new document will not be 5 years, but only 3 years.
What is the expiration date.
Most migrants care about the validity of residence permit and RWP, and can they extend their legal status? The residence permit is issued for a period of 5 years. Further, the candidate is given the right to extend the certificate or apply for a Russian passport. A document issued to a Russian-speaking migrant will be valid for 3 years. It will not be possible to prolong it again.
In comparison with the residence permit, the temporary residence permit is not so long – only three years. Together with the expiry of the term, the migrant must leave the country or send documents for obtaining residence permit. In the second case it will be necessary to send the application in advance (no later than six months before the end of the permit).
Search for work in Russia.
Having registered as residing in Russia on RVP or residence permit, the migrant has the right to find a job on a permanent or temporary basis. But there are a number of differences:
employment does not differ from job search for ordinary citizens of our country. It is enough for an alien to pass the competitive selection of the employer and take an open vacancy; In contrast to a candidate with a RWP, the holder of a residence permit has the right to find employment in any region. For comparison, a temporary residence permit obliges the applicant to work in a particular region. The territorial location of the agency is taken as the basis, in which the migrant received permission to be in the region according to the quota; The residence permit and the RWP do not create difficulties for the opening of an IP or a business company (firm). True, unlike the residence permit, work with the RWP is only designed for a 3-year period without the possibility of extension.
In essence, residence permits and RWPs grant the same rights to job search as are available for a full-fledged citizen of the Russian Federation.
Departure outside the state.
The permits we are considering allow migrants to live in Russia and to travel abroad in any period of the year. So, according to p.1 art. 9 of the Federal Law “On the Legal Status of Foreign Citizens …”, the residence permit can be declared invalid if the migrant has left Russia and has not returned within 6 months. Similar rules apply to holders of a RWP.
Attention! The time of the foreigner’s stay outside of Russia is not summed up. Conventionally, if a migrant has made a trip to his homeland and returned within six months, next time he will be able to go abroad only six months later.