Soil scientist Hugh Bennett and the dusty cauldron, or the history of conservation of soils in America.
Irina Lagunina: For many years the soil of the central steppes of the United States has undergone intensive plowing. In the 1920s and 1930s, soil scientist Hugh Bennett published many articles and reports, warning of the dangers of such practices, leading to soil erosion. And in May 1934 his words received a confirmation that shocked the whole country. A gigantic dust storm eclipsed the sun over Washington, sand creaked in the teeth of New Yorkers, dust settled on the decks of ships sailing three hundred kilometers from the shore. Only when thousands of tons of land were swept up by the wind and transferred to three thousand kilometers to the east coast of America, people realized how important it is to cultivate the land correctly. Marina Yefimova tells about the history of soil science in America.
And in 20 years, the soil scientist Hugh Bennet, a graduate of the University of North Carolina, faced distrustful farmers in Oklahoma and shouted:
However, the beginning of the 20th century was cloudless for the Great Basin (that is, on the contrary, it was cloudy, with a normal amount of precipitation). Wheat yields have reached such proportions that America for the first time in history has surpassed Russia in the production and export of wheat. But the longer was the period of heavy rains, the closer the drought period approached. And there, on the plateau of the Great Basin, on millions of hectares from the ground, her skin was removed-the sod, the saving shoot of tenacious, patient herbs. And Hugh Bennet wrote about this, reported, explained, yelled. all for nothing. The soil scientist, professor of the University of Sevastopol, tells. Carolina Maurice Cook:
April 15, 1935 Charlene Alexis from Oklahoma was 8 years old.
And it was on this day, which received the title of “Black Sunday” in history, April 15, 1935, at 2 o’clock in the afternoon, that Hugh Bennet was appointed to a special commission of the Congress. How did Bennet manage to make his appearance on Sunday? Maybe he said that on that day he had a particularly convincing argument.
We are still not sure what turned the fertile lands of Africa and Australia into deserts – nature or man. that deprived the vegetation of Greece – the climate or gantry of the ancients, when huge herds of goats trampled the soil. But pedologists answer these doubts unequivocally. Their favorite saying: “Goats ate Greece.”
Head of Special Projects of the Russian Service of Radio Liberty.
Materials on the topic.
Soil scientist Hugh Bennet and a dusty cauldron.
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